In this modern era, we can see that the scientific inventions, analysis, discoveries, and achievements are changing. Now a day’s we see the new things are published but rarely incredible things come along. This list with some of the most surprising discoveries science has made in the first six months of 2016.
1) Discovery of Second Moon of Earth Cruithne
An asteroid has been captured discovered by NASA scientists and which is in stable Earth orbit, making it regularly Near-Earth companion. Near our planet there are a lot of objects orbiting with it – man-made satellites, space stations, and lots of junk – but we can see only one moon. Now NASA scientists have confirmed the existence of 2016 HO3.
The asteroid is gravitationally affected by Sun than Earth and is very far from Earth, but along with its orbital path of the Sun it does orbit the Earth as well. Don’t be too excited about walking on it, as it is smaller than our natural satellite.
According to the manager of NASA’s Centre NEO (Near Earth Objects), Paul Chodas says that the asteroid will be departing in a few centuries, but 2016 HO3 is in the stable orbit around the Earth and Sun.
2) Discovery of CO2 Pumped into the ground made into a solid stone
For maintaining the balance of CO2 emissions on the planet, Carbon capture is an important part. All of the CO2 that was stored within is released into the atmosphere, whenever fuels are burned. We are seeing the effects of global climate change because Humans have been causing this problem for a long time. But now scientists in Iceland may have found a way to capture carbon emissions permanently so that they do not go into the atmosphere further harming the greenhouse effect.
In Iceland CO2 was pumped into volcanic rock, by natural process that turns basalt into carbonate minerals, which then become limestone. This process typically takes thousands of the years, but in Iceland the scientists were able to do it in only two years. The carbon capture into a rock that can be stored underground or even used as a building material so that the captured CO2 never renters the atmosphere.
3) Stroke Patients able to Walk When Stem Cells Injected into Brain
At Stanford University School of Medicine a clinical trial held in which modified human stem cells injected directly into the brains of several chronic stroke patients. With no adverse effects the procedures were all fortunate described from the injection and only mild headaches have been performed on mildly anesthetized patients. All 18 patents showed significant healing long after any healing is expected as period of six months. This actually included increased mobility allowed for patients who were previously limited to wheelchairs to walk again freely.
4) Brain Implant Helps Paralyzed Man Move His Fingers
Due to the implantation of a small chip in a brain, a quadriplegic patient able to move his fingers who was paralyzed for past six years.
At Ohio State University researchers were able to build a device that once implanted sends signal to a nearby terminal, and the information is transmitted to an electronic sleeve worn on the man’s arm. To cause the movement of the fingers. The by using wires on sleeve helps to stimulate specific muscles in real-time. The man was able to play Guitar, that surprises the scientists in charge and the doctors of the project.
5) SpaceX Company Successfully Lands Drone Ship Vertically
In cartoons or comic books, you may usually see rockets landing on moons or planets vertically, but in reality, the achievement for this feat is incredibly tight. The NASA and European Space Agency have developed rockets that are either ditched in the ocean for later recovery, or they are purposefully burned up in the air. For successfully landing a rocket vertically means that it could be easily reused and cheap, which going to save an incredible amount of money.
On April 8, the private company SpaceX successfully landed a rocket vertically, and they did so in a free floating drone ship. Their achievement will save their time between launches and their money.
6) CaveFish Capable of Walking Up Walls
For over the past 170 years’ science have learned that vertebrate life on land evolved from fish in the seas of ancient Earth. The researchers from the New Jersey Institute of Technology have discovered a Cavefish that is capable of walking up the walls and has the same anatomical capabilities as reptile or amphibian.
It is an enormous discovery regarding evolutionary adaptation because it could help scientists to know how land-dwelling tetrapod evolved from prehistoric fish. The difference between the other fish species and the cavefish is that it can move on land is its gait, that amounts to a “robust pelvis girdle” when it is climbing.
7) New Way For External Data Storage Method Discovered
Everything would be degrading eventually, and for truly extended periods of time, there is no way to store ant data on the device for long. But this fact is no longer be true due to the discovery made by the University of Southampton. For recording and retrieving data, scientists have successfully used Nano-structured glass to create a process for it. A small glass disk about the size of an American quarter that can hold 360TB of data and can hold up to 1,000°C.
For writing the Data on the device, ultrafast laser via short and intense light pulses are used. Every file has written in three layers of nanostructured dots which are only 5 micrometers apart. Now you think how to read the data, so it is realized in five dimensions: the 3D position of the nanostructured dots as well as their orientation and size.
8) Solar System Discovers Ninth Planet
Before the Pluto was discovered back in the 20th century, it was theorized that a ninth planet, Planet X, existed due to the gravitational clustering beyond Neptune and could only be caused by a massive object. Then it was believed that this planet was found in Pluto, but scientists at California Institute of Technology never fully quantified the gravitational distortion, they presented evidence that a ninth planet exists with an orbital period of 15,000 years.
There is only a 0.007 percent chance that the clustering could be a coincidence the astronomers published it. Presently, the Ninth Planet remains hypothetical, but scientists have calculated that its orbit to be quite massive. If it exists, the planet might be approximately 2-15 times the mass of Earth, and from Sun the orbit would be between 200 and 1,600 Astronomical Units (AU). The planet could be 240,000,000,000 kilometers far away from Sun, and an AU is 150,000,000 kilometers away.
9) Discovery of New Prime Number
In January mathematicians discovered a new prime number via the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search and the new prime number is 2^74,207,281 – 1.
You might be thinking why there is a project to determine such a number. The modern cryptography requires the use of Prime numbers (by which only 49% have been discovered) and other complex numbers to encode data. The new prime number is presently the only record holder for the longest prime and is almost 5 million digits longer than its predecessor.
10) Discovery of GK-PID Single-celled Organisms Evolved Multicellular For 800 Million Years
An ancient molecule, GK-PID, has been found that the evolution of single-celled organisms into multicellular organisms started approximately 800 million years ago. It has been found that the molecular carabiner able to pull chromosomes together to block them onto the inner wall of a cell membrane when division occurs. This helps cells to copy correctly and avoid becoming cancerous.
The exciting discovery indicates that the ancient version of GK-PID doesn’t behave in the same way it does currently. The only reason it is able of working like a genetic carabiner is due to mutation that copied itself, indicating that multicellular life is the result of an individual, identifiable mutation.